- 87% of U.S. companies in China report revenue growth, surging from
- 47% in 2009 and 77% in 2008.
- 79% of U.S. companies in China say they are in the black, up from
- 65% in 2009 and 70% in 2008.
-61% of U.S. companies in China state that they gained market share for China products and services, up from 40% in 2009 and 52% in 2008.
Although showing impressive financial results, U.S. companies report that China remains a challenging business environment for a host of reasons. Finding enough qualified staff is the No. 1 business challenge, and competition is picking up not only between U.S. and other foreign companies but between U.S. and Chinese companies - both private and state-owned enterprises (SOEs).
"This year's survey results indicate that U.S. companies in China have come to expect challenges in the China market, have weighed them against the opportunities and have found a way to succeed despite them," says Brenda Foster, president of AmCham Shanghai. "Nonetheless, it is essential that the U.S. continues to aggressively engage China to address key business challenges that hinder market access today and could impact future investment."
Issues related to a problematic regulatory environment remain a top hurdle that can hinder growth and in some industries threatens full and fair access to the China market. Nearly two thirds (63%) of companies surveyed characterize the regulatory environment in which their industry operates as either "not changing" or "deteriorating" over the past year. Nearly one half report a regulatory environment that favors local Chinese companies over foreign rivals.
New additions to this year's report are AmCham Shanghai's China Business Climate Indices, which measure business performance across three broad indices - Success, Confidence and the Welcoming environment for U.S. companies in China. Businesses in China's fast growing retail sector top the Success index, Auto companies rank as the most Confident about their future opportunities and Chemicals and Electronics companies are among the industries that feel the most Welcome.
"U.S. companies in China are performing at a high level and will continue to do so," says Michael Klibaner, National Research Director at Jones Lang LaSalle China. "But what we show in this year's report is that just as there is no one 'China market,' the challenges and opportunities for U.S. companies vary by market sector and by industry."
Other results show U.S. companies are increasingly focused on accessing the domestic China market. An "In China for China" strategy is one of the key shared characteristics of companies that score high on the Success, Confidence and Welcoming indices.
"Goodyear is 'in China for China,' " said Pierre E. Cohade, president of Goodyear Asia Pacific. "Our biggest challenge is enhancing our production capability and talent pool to keep up with the demands of an increasingly competitive China market. To be successful, companies must invest in building both capacity and capabilities and apply best global business practices to perform well in this market."
Optimism regarding the China market continued in 2010. About nine out of 10 U.S. companies in China forecast a revenue increase for 2011. China is a the No. 1 priority for 20% of U.S. companies, and the percentage of companies expecting to increase investment in China by more than 15% more than doubled in 2010.
"There has always been a great deal of optimism about the China market, mostly based on the hope of future opportunity," says Steven Ganster, Managing Director of Technomic Asia. "But now we're seeing a more 'mature' or seasoned optimism, grounded in the reality that succeeding in China is critical to the future of the company no matter the challenges it presents."